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"Let there arise out of you a band of people inviting to all that is good enjoining what is right and forbidding what is wrong; they are the ones to attain felicity".
(surah Al-Imran,ayat-104)
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User Name: nrqazi
Full Name: Naeem Qazi
User since: 25/Nov/2007
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Somebody please pass it on to Mr Hamid Mir and other sympathizers of suicide bombers and those beheading army jawaans

 

This is a Fatwa by Yusuf Qaradawi, a prominent Muslim Scholar. His wikipedia profile is here:

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yusuf_al-Qaradawi



A very useful notes, may Allah help us and guide to the straight path. Please read this, very well put by Yusuf Qaradawi.
 
You have summary and detail.

 
Indications of extremism:
 
Summary

  1. The 1st indication of extremism include bigotery & intolerance, which make a person adamantly devoted to his own opinions and prejudices, as well as rigidity, which deprives him of clarity of vision regarding the interests of other human beings, or the purposes of Shariah, or the circumstances of age. Such a person does not allow any opportunity for dialogue with others so that he may compare his opinion with theirs, and chooses to follow what appears to him most sound.
  2. The 2nd indication of extremism manifests in a continuous commitment to excessiveness, and in attempts to force others to do likewise, despite the fact that Allah has not commanded it, and the existence of good reasons to make things easy. A person motivated by piety and caution may however, if he so wishes, choose a hard-line opinion in some matters and on certain occasions. But this should not become so habitual that he rejects advice when he needs it.
  3. The 3rd indication of extremism is the out-of-time and out-of-place religious excessiveness and overburdening of others, i.e. when applying Islamic principles to people in non-Muslim countries or to people who have only recently converted to Islam, as well as to newly committed Muslims. With all these, emphasis should not be put on either minor or controversial issues, but on fundamentals. Endeavours should be made to correct their concepts and understanding of Islam before anything else.
  4. The 4th indication of extremism manifests itself in harshness in the treatment of people, roughness in the manner of approach, & crudeness in calling people to Islam, all which are contrary to the teachings of the Qur'an and Sunnah.[


more details...
Indications of extremism.
Yusuf Qaradawi -
 

The first indications of extremism include bigotry and intolerance, which make a person obstinately devoted to his own opinions and prejudices, as well as rigidity, which deprives him of clarity of vision regarding the interests of other human beings, the purposes of Shariah, or the circumstances of the age. Such a person does not allow any opportunity for dialogue with others so that he may compare his opinion with theirs, and chooses to follow what appears to him most sound. We equally condemn this person's attempt to suppress and discard the opinions of others, just as we condemn the similar attitude of his accusers and opponents. Indeed, we emphatically condemn his attitude if he claims that he alone is right and everybody else is wrong, accusing those who have different ideas and opinions of ignorance and self-interest, and those with different behaviour of disobedience and fisq as if he were an infallible prophet and his words were divinely revealed. This attitude contradicts the consensus of the Ummah, that what every person says can be totally or partly accepted or rejected, except, of course, the ahadith of Prophet Muhammad (SA'AS).

Strangely, though some of these people take liberty in exercising ijtihad in the most complicated matters and issues and pass notional and whimsical judgments yet they would deprive the contemporary expert 'ulama' singly or collectively-of the right to exercise ijtihad regarding statements which contradict theirs. Some of them never hesitate to give ridiculous opinions on, and interpretations of, the Qur'an and Sunnah; opinions which are contradictory to those handed down to us by our forefathers, or subsequently arrived at by contemporary ulama' This indifference is due to their presumption to be on an equal footing with Abu Bakr, 'Umar, Ali, and Ibn Abbas (RA'A). This presumption might be less grave if these people admits that their contemporaries who uphold different views or approaches are also capable of ijtihad like themselve; but they would not.
Bigotry is the clearest evidence of extremisim. An extremist seems to address people in this way: "I have the right to lead, your duty is to follow. My opinion is right, it cannot be wrong. Your opinion is wrong, it can never be right."
Thus, a bigot can never come to terms with others. Agreement is possible and can be reached when people hold moderate positions, but a bigot neither knows nor believes in moderation. He stands in relation to people as the East stand in relation to the West-the nearer you get to one, the further you move away from the other.
The issue becomes even more critical when such a person develops the tendency to coerce others, not necessarily physically but by accusing them of bidah, laxity, kufr, and deviation. Such intellectual terrorism is as terrifying as physical terrorism.

 

The second characteristic of extremism manifests itself in a perpetual commitment to excessiveness, and in attempts to force others to do likewise, despite the existence of good reasons for facilitation and the fact that Allah (SWT) has not ordained it. A person motivated by piety and caution may, if he so wishes, choose a hard-line opinion in some matters and on certain occasions. But this should not become so habitual that he rejects facilitation when he needs it. Such an attitude is not in keeping with the teachings of the Qura'an or Sunnah as is clear from the following verse: "Allah intends every facility for you; He does not want to put you to difficulties".

The Prophet (SA'AS) also said in ahadith already quoted: "Facilitate [matters to people] and do not make [things] difficult."
He also said: "Allah loves that His dispensations [to make things easier] be accepted, as He dislikes [to see people] committing disobedience.
It is also reported that "
whenever the Prophet (SA'AS) was given a choice between two options, he always chose the easiest unless it was a sin."
Complicating matters for people and causing constraint in their lives are contrary to the most outstanding qualities of the Prophet Muhammad (SA'AS). These qualities have been mentioned in earlier scriptures and later revealed in the Qur'an:
He [Muhammad] allows them as lawful what is good [and pure] and prohibits them from what is bad [and impure], he releases them from their heavy burdens and from the yokes that are upon them.
This is why the Prophet (SA'AS) used to prolong his salah only when he was alone. In fact, he used to offer salah throughout the night until his feet were swollen. But when leading people in ,salah, he used to shorten it, taking into consideration the circumstances of his followers and their varying levels of endurance , He said in this respect, "If any of you leads people in salah, he should shorten it, for among them are the weak, the sick, and the old; and if any of you offers ,salah alone, then he may prolong [it] as much as he wishes.
Abu Mas'ud al Ansari narrated that a man said to the Prophet (SA'AS):
"O Messenger of Allah, I keep away from Salat al Fajr only because so and so prolongs it." The Prophet (SA'AS) became very angry and said: people, some of you make people dislike good deeds [ in this case salah]. Whoever leads people in salah should shorten it because among them are the weak, the old, and those who have business to attend to.
As we have already mentioned, the Prophet (SA'AS) reacted in the same way when a man complained to him that Mu'adh (RA'A) prolonged the ,salah. Anas Ibn Malik narrated: "The Prophet (SA'AS) said:
"When I stand for ,salah, I intend to prolong it, but I cut it short on hearing the cries of a child, because I do not like to trouble the mother".
It is also strict, excessive and overburdening to require people to observe supererogatories in the same way as they would observe the obligatories, or hold them accountable for the things which are mukrahat as if these were muharramat. In fact, we should demand that people observe only what Allah (SWT) has categorically commanded. The extra and additional forms of ibadah are optional.
The following incident shows that this was also the Prophet's opinion. A bedouin once asked the Prophet (SA'AS) about the obligatory prescriptions required of him. The Prophet (SA'AS) mentioned only three: salah, zakah, and siyam. When the bedouin asked if there was anything else which he must do, the Prophet (SA'AS) replied in the negative, adding that the bedouin could volunteer to do more if he so wished. As the bedouin was leaving, he swore never to increase or decrease what the Prophet (SA'AS) had asked him to do. When the Prophet (SA'AS) heard this he said,
"If he is saying the truth, he will succeed or [said] 'he will be granted jannah. If a Muslim in this age observes the wajibat and eschews the most heinous of the muharramat, he should be accommodated in the fold of Islam and regarded as one of its advocates so long as his loyalty is to Allah (SWT) and His Messenger (SA'AS). Even if he commits some minor muharramat, the merits gained by his observance of the five daily salawat, salat al jumuah (Friday prayers), siyam, etc. will expiate his small faults.
The Qur'an says:
"Good deeds remove those that are evil", and in another verse: If you [but] eschew the most heinous of the things which are forbidden, We shall expel out of you all the evil in you and admit you to a state of great honor.
In view of the above evidence from the Qur'an and Sunnah, how could we expel a Muslim from the fold of Islam merely because of his commitment to certain controversial matters which we are not sure are ,halal or haram, or because of his failure to observe something which we are not certain is wajib or mandub? This is why I object to the tendency of some pious people to adopt and cling to hard-line opinions, not only in their own personal practice but also in influencing others to do the same. I also object to the charges levered by such people against any Muslim 'alim who disagrees with their line of thought and opts for facilitation in the light of the Qur'an and Sunnah in order to relieve people of distress and undue restrictions in their religious practice.
 

The third characteristic of extremism is the out-of-time and out-of-place religious excessiveness and overburdening of others, i.e., when applying Islamic principles to people in non-Muslim countries or to people who have only recently converted to Islam, as well as to newly committed Muslims. With all these, emphasis should not be put on either minor or controversial issues, but on fundamentals. Endeavors should be made to correct their concepts and understanding of Islam before anything else. Once the correct beliefs are firmly established, then one can begin to explain the five pillars of Islam and gradually to emphasize those aspects which make a Muslim's belief and practice compatible, and his entire life an embodiment of what is pleasing to Allah (SWT).

This fact was recognized by the Prophet Muhammad (SA'AS) himself when he sent Muadh (RA'A) to Yemen. He told him: You are going to [meet] people of a [divine] scripture, and when you reach them call them to witness that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger. And if they obey you in that, then tell them that Allah has enjoined on them five salawat to be performed every day and night. And if they obey you in that, then tell them that Allah has enjoined upon them sadaqah [zakah] to be taken from the rich amongst them and given to the poor amongst them.

Notice the gradation in the Prophet's advice to Mu'adh (RA'A). I was shocked and dismayed during a tour of North America to find that devout young Muslims-who belong to some Muslim groups-have initiated a great controversy because Muslims sit on chairs during theSaturday and Sunday lectures in mosques instead of sitting on mats on the ground, and do not face the Ka'bah as Muslims do and also because those who attend wear shirts and trousers rather than loose outer coverings, and sit at dining tables to eat rather than on the ground. I was angered by this kind of thinking and behavior in the heart of North America. I, therefore, addressed these people: It would be more worthwhile in this materialistic society to make your paramount concern the call to monotheism and the ibadah of Allah (SWT), to remind people of the hereafter, of the noble Islamic values, and to warn them of the heinous acts in which the materially-developed countries have been totally immersed. The norms of behavior and the ameliorations in religious practice are governed by time as well as place, and should be introduced only after the most necessary and fundamental tenets have been firmly established.

In another Islamic center, people were creating a considerable fuss over the showing of a historical or educational film in a mosque, claiming that "mosques have been turned into movie "heaters," but forgetting that the purpose of the mosque is to serve the wordly as well as spiritual interest of Muslims. During the time of Prophet Muhammad (SAAS) the masjid-or the mosque-was the center of dawah and of the state, as well as of social activities. We are all aware of the Prophet's granting permission to a group of people from Abyssinia to sport with their spears in the middle of his masjid, and that he allowed Aishah (RA'A) to watch them.
 

The fourth characteristic of extremism manifests itself in harshness in the treatment of people, roughness in the manner of approach, and crudeness in calling people to Islam, all of which are contrary to the teachings of the Qur'an and Sunnah. Allah (SWT) commands us to call to Islam and to His teachings with wisdom, not with foolishness, with amicability, not with harsh words:

Invite [all] to the Way of your Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching, and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious.
It also describes the Prophet (SA'AS), thus: Now has come unto you a Messenger from among yourselves. It grieves him that you should perish, ardently anxious is he over you. To the believers he is kind and merciful.
The Qur'an also addressed the Prophet (SA'AS), defining his relationship with his companions:
It is part of the mercy of Allah that you [Muhammad] deal justly with them. If you were severe and harsh-hearted they would have broken away from about you. 
 

 

 Reply:   also
Replied by(drkjke) Replied on (26/Mar/2010)

today in orakzai agency pakistani airforce nombed many madrasas and mosque schools,only in one madrasa according to news 25 students were killed,similarly pakistanmi army air bases give space to american drones which attack tribal areas and kill inocent women and children but secular people do not find the action of munafiq army as "extreme".but when these poor honourable tribal brothers try to defend themselves you unjust people label them "extremists and terrorists this murder of justice is so common in our society now truth is banned and falsehood and pro munafiqeen and pro kufar propoganda is constantly on our media and our peoples mouths remember one thing.that allah who is all powerful and all knowing is seeing this murder of truth and murder of justice and allah will definitely punish the munafiqeen majority in near future in some sort of azaab,these munafiqeenwho cliam to be still muslims after siding with kufars in war against islam
 
 Reply:   whats your point qazi
Replied by(drkjke) Replied on (26/Mar/2010)

whats your point?that we ignore quran and hadeeth and listen to fatwa of any tom dick and harry? there are such "ulema" who have supported ban on hijab to please kufar,there have been such pseudo ulema who have said that alcohol is halal.there have been such pseudo ulema who said that musharaf the wine drinker is ameer ul maumineen! but unlike you we respect allahs qords in quran and what allah says in quran,i will give few examples

 

 O YOU WHO BELIEVE !(MUSLIMS) TAKE NOT THE JEWS AND CHRISTIANS AS YOUR FRIENDS ,THEY ARE BUT FRIENDS OF EACH OTHER .AND IF ANY AMONGST YOU TAKES THEM AS FRIENDS THEN SURELY ,HE IS ONE OF THEM.VERILY ,Allah GUIDES NOT THOSE PEOPLE WHO ARE ZAULIMUN(wrongdoing folks,unjust and polytheists) (SURA ALMAIDAH AYAT NO. 51)

 

Never will the Jews nor the Christians be pleased with you (O Muhammad Peace be upon him ) till you follow their religion. Say: "Verily, the Guidance of Allâh (i.e. Islâmic Monotheism) that is the (only) Guidance. And if you (O Muhammad Peace be upon him ) were to follow their (Jews and Christians) desires after what you have received of Knowledge (i.e. the Qur'ân), then you would have against Allâh neither any Walî (protector or guardian) nor any helper (Sura baqra ayat no 120) And And the jews say uzair is the son of allah, and the Christians say that messiah (JESUS) is the son of allah.that is their saying with their mouths, resembling the saying of those who disbelieved aforetime. allah,s curse be upon them ,how they are deluded away from the truth.(sura altauba) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

O you who believe! Whoever from among you turns back from his religion (Islâm), Allâh will bring a people whom He will love and they will love Him; humble towards the believers, stern towards the disbelievers, fighting in the Way of Allâh, and never afraid of the blame of the blamers. That is the Grace of Allâh which He bestows on whom He wills. And Allâh is All¬Sufficient for His creatures' needs, All¬Knower{5.54}.

O YOU who have attained to faith! If you pay heed to those who are bent on denying the truth, they will cause you to turn back on your heels, and you will be the losers. Nay; but God is your Protector and He is the best of helpers. 3:149-150

O Prophet! Strive hard against the Unbelievers and the Hypocrites, and be firm against them. Their abode is Hell,- an evil refuge (indeed). Quran 66:9

AND WHAT IS WRONG WITH YOU THAT YOU FIGHT NOT IN THE CAUSE OF ALLAH, AND FOR THOSE WEAK, ILL-TREATED AND OPPRESSED AMONG MEN, WOMEN AND CHILDREN, WHOSE CRY IS: “OUR LORD! RESCUE US FROM THIS TOWN WHOSE PEOPLE ARE OPPRESSORS, AND RAISE FOR US FROM YOU ONE WHO WILL PROTECT, AND RAISE FOR US FROM YOU ONE WHO WILL HELP. (ALQURAN SURA AL-NISA: 75)

And if you obey majority of those on earth, they will mislead you far away from Allâh's Path. They follow nothing but conjectures, and they do nothing but lie{sura alanaam 116}.


 
 Reply:   Now Don't try to deviate from the topic
Replied by(Noman) Replied on (25/Mar/2010)

My main intention wasn't to discuss about his views over Hijab. My intention of quoting that example is to show, how he plays with Qurran and Hadith as per his own beliefs. When you or Mr Qadarwi is trying to judge people then it is not extremism, but if i am trying to cross-argue your.his point of view then i become extremist. you please think again about who is what. No Muslim in the world was extremist unless 9/11 planned. Every Muslim, who is labeled as extremist, has very strong reasons behind it. I am not defending all, who are fighting in the name of Islam. I do agree with the point that there are black sheep among those, who are fighting in the name of Islam. Islam may be start with human rights but in the end it is denounced as completed and after that one has to follow it with whole spirit. I know one thing very clearly and that is you or anyone is not authorized to bring examples of Islam's starting days and excuse. Because when Islam started at that time there were many reasons for many things and there were windows under certain circumstances. But now those windows are closed. and now one has to follow then end result not the starting theories. There are many examples can be given to support my argument that why the starting days of examples cant be practiced today but here i will quote only two 1-there were incidents when male embraced Islam but his wife didn't embrace Islam and vice versa. But Islam let them continue with their marriages until certain time. Now one cannot use that excuse to marry non-Muslims. But Ghamdi and his successors are using this example to allow Muslim women to marry Christan. 2-The day when Allah made adopted children Naa-Mehrum, many women approached Holy Prophet(PBUH) and asked what to do. Because they love their adopted children too much and some of them don't had anything else to reply upon as well. Then they were given special consideration but in today's world no one can use that special consideration, even if the circumstances are same. May Allah help us all in understanding and defending Islam in its true spirit and as a whole.
 
 Reply:   Women's Hijaab is not the greatest issue facing Muslims..
Replied by(nrqazi) Replied on (25/Mar/2010)

It is rather extremism. Everyone wants to become judge, jury and executioner at the same time. My objective to paste this fatwa was to apprise our dis-oriented brothers who have been misled by the likes of Fazlullah & party. We have to remember that our Holy Prophet(PBUH) had prayed for people of Taif in return for personal injuries that they caused him. Islam's original teachings were human rights about e.g. liberation of slaves; all other things like Salaat, banning of alcohol etc. came much later (primarily in Madni surahs); this should give us an indication about the priorities of setting the society right. We Muslims are in many ways quite close to the state of moral degradation as wasrampant at that time. There are virtually no human rights anywhere in Muslim world, giving false evidence is very common, police excesses are rampant, no accountability for corrupt govt. officials, bribery is rampant (including judicial processes), hipocrites are common (are in fact are top of the table as leading politicians)...etc. Islam never spread by sword or in modern times by AK-47. if our mujahedeen brothers want to implement Sharia law, it has to come from society within. They should first themselves become role models for the whole society to follow suit and then spcoiety will demand enforcement of Sharia; not the other way round that you first force people by slapping women in public for not observing purdah...this will only earn them bad publicity. May God Almighty show us all the right path Aameen.
 
 Reply:   Not at all impressed with the person's profile
Replied by(Noman) Replied on (25/Mar/2010)
He promotes Liberalism and so-called moderate Muslims, like Ghamdi etc. So what he thinks about Islam or EXTREMISM can't be considered. You can look into his profile on the said wikipedia link and can
He promotes Liberalism and so-called moderate Muslims, like Ghamdi etc. So what he thinks about Islam or EXTREMISM can't be considered. You can look into his profile on the said wikipedia link, given by you only, and can see, how he plays with words and Qurran.
 
Just for your info, pasting the excerpt from the same page, in which he is describing his views regarding women liberation. Just to make his argument being weighed among Muslims, he gave an example of Queen Saba from Qurran. But one should ask him, how the life of Queen Saba can be observed by the Ummat of Holy Prophet (PBUH). Just giving 2-3 main reasons/Questions..
1-Purdah/Hi jab came in existence very late
2-Was Queen Saba Muslim at the time of being a queen?
3-What was the end of Queen Saba and Solomon episode and etc...

This man Qadarwi, don't follow any sect of Islam and promotes new ideology and Muslims should be careful in reading his view regarding Islam instead of following those.

From his gesture and appearance, one could think of his ideology very easily.

There was no need of pasting his article because One can guess his views about Islam and extremism very easily, just by looking his face.

 His Views on Women's Activism

Commenting on the role women played in social active issues:

Although over sixty year have passed since the Movement emerged into existence, no women leaders have appeared that can confront secular and Marxist trends single-handedly and efficiently. This has come about as a result of men's unrelenting attempts to control women's movement, as men have never allowed women a real chance to express themselves and show special leadership talents and abilities that demonstrate their capability of taking command of their work without men's dominance. I believe that women's Islamic work will succeed and prove itself in the arena of the Islamic Movement only when it gives birth to female Islamic leaders in the fields of Call, thought, science, literature and education. I do not think that this is impossible or even difficult. There are genius women just as there are genius men. Ingenuity is not a monopoly for men. It is not in vain that the Holy Qurran tells us the story of a woman who led men wisely and bravely and made her people fare the best end: it is the Queen of Sheba, whose story with Solomon is told in Surat Al­Naml. I have observed in the University of Qatar that girls make better students than boys.[37]


 
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