Egyptian Poll - Rise of Brotherhood
-COL DR. ABDUL RUFF
Rise of Brotherhood in Egypt's politics is phenomenon. The rebellion in Mideast has geared them up to become popular faces in the country. The post-Mubarak polls have been the test for their popularity.
Egypt is in the process of electing a president before rewriting a post-Mubarak constitution to define the powers of the head of state, parliament and other institutions. While the most popular political party Brotherhood’s arrival is a foregone conclusion, the army, bent on preserving its privileges and influence even after the promised handover, might still want to curb the mandate of an Islamist president, only if an opportunity is presented to it. Brotherhood has succeeded in galvanizing Islamists and Egyptian voters to face the bloc of the 'feloul', a scornful Arabic term for "remnants" of Mubarak's order.
The Brotherhood announced earlier that the run-off would be between Shafiq and Mursi after almost all votes were counted. The Brotherhood may be riding high to win the run-off it bit it will need to woo the votes of other candidates such as its old adherent Abol Fotouh, who took 20 percent of the vote on an inclusive platform. Mursi had 25 percent, Shafiq 23 percent, Abol Fotouh 20 percent and leftist Hamdeen Sabahy 19 percent. Many Christians, who form about a tenth of Egypt's 82 million people, complained of discrimination in Mubarak's day, but are likely to vote for Shafiq in preference to an Islamist. Monitors reported no major infringements, although some candidates grumbled about their rivals' conduct.
The Brotherhood, Egypt's most organized political group, has already secured the biggest bloc for its party in parliament after an earlier vote. Long repressed and banned under Mubarak, the 84-year-old Islamist group has a broad grassroots base. Young Egyptian revolutionaries who helped topple Mubarak now face what they see as a dispiriting choice between a conservative Islamist and a hardline member of the old guard.
The election marks a crucial step in a messy and often bloody transition to democracy, overseen by a military council that has pledged to hand power to a new president by July 1. The Muslim Brotherhood's candidate in Egypt's first free presidential vote would fight a run-off next month with ex-air force chief Ahmed Shafiq, the last prime minister of deposed leader Hosni Mubarak. The run-off will be held on June 16 and 17. The second round threatens further turbulence. Opponents of Shafiq have vowed to take to the streets if he is elected, because he with military background and patronage lineage can resurrect Mubarak.
Critics of Islamism say a victory for the Brotherhood's Mohamed Mursi could worsen tensions between resurgent Islamists and the powerful army, which sees itself as the guardian of the state. They argue that now Egyptians will have to choose between the revolution and the counter-revolution. Brotherhood has promised to push for Islamic law. West media lords have been cautious about the Brotherhood's Islamic-humanity agenda that could affect the fate of Egypt's vital tourist industry controlled by anti-Islamic networks.
If Mursi becomes president which is now certain, Islamists will control most ruling institutions - but not the military - in Egypt, the most populous Arab nation, consolidating electoral gains made by fellow-Islamists in other Arab countries in the past year.
Ruling parties control literally every thing even in USA or UK, the top terrocracies. Polls are held to justify the state crimes and seek legitimacy for state lies. But in Egypt the criminal regimes is already gone and the fight is now between the opposition leaders.
Israel has nervously watched the Islamist rise, especially in Egypt, its old enemy until a 1979 peace treaty. Mursi vaguely advocated a review of the pact, but the Brotherhood party says it will not tear it up completely. Shafiq has vowed to uphold it. This bluntly-spoken military man came from behind in a race in which former Arab League chief Amr Moussa was among early favorites, but now his chances are blurred. His late surge reflected the anxiety of many Egyptians about a breakdown of law and order and the often violent political disputes that have punctuated an army-led transition since a popular revolt ousted Mubarak on February 11, 2011.