New Egypt’s Efforts for Economic Revival
-DR. ABDUL RUFF
By Dr. Abdul Ruff, Specialist on State Terrorism;Chancellor-Founder of Centor for International Affairs(CIA); Independent Analyst;Chronicler of Foreign occupations & Freedom movements(Palestine,Kashmir, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Xinjiang, Chechnya, etc.) Former university Teacher; website: abdulruff.wordpress.com/ firstname.lastname@example.org.
Arab Spring brought to Egypt havoc in terms of human losses and economic dislocation. People have been on the receiving end because their lives have been affected by economic depreciation. And the new elected president Mohamed Mursi is at work to revive economy of Egypt.
Months of political turmoil have taken their toll on Egypt's struggling economy. Tourism, one of the country's main industries and a major source of foreign currency, has been hit hard. The civil unrest has not only scared away tourists, it has deterred investors as well. Add to that the problems of corruption and poverty. In this country of 80 million people, about 40% live below the poverty line. Last year, many young Egyptians took to the streets, hoping for a better future, but there is widespread youth unemployment. More than half of Egypt's foreign currency reserves have been eroded, in attempts to defend the Egyptian pound against devaluation.
Egypt's foreign reserves have fallen to well under half the levels seen before last year's popular uprising against former President Hosni Mubarak, when the central bank started to sell dollars to prop up the Egyptian pound. The government is facing a balance-of-payments crisis and high borrowing costs, with local banks shouldering almost all short-term lending to the state, and experts say financial aid is urgently needed to avoid currency devaluation. Egypt's budget deficit for the 2012-3 fiscal year is predicted to be 7.9% of gross domestic product (GDP), while it has internal debt of $193bn and foreign debt of $33.8bn.
Egypt has made requests to Arab nations to support the new Mursi’s government in streamlining Cairo’s economy. Earlier this month, Saudi Arabia transferred $1.5bn as direct budget support, approved $430m in project aid and said it would allow the Egyptian government to use a $750m line of credit to import oil products. Qatar has also said it will deposit $2bn at the Egyptian Central Bank. Egypt's Finance Minister Mumtaz al-Said has also asked the USA for a $500m grant to support the state budget. Cairo ahs made similar request to EU as well.
Cairo has been negotiating with the IMF for emergency funding for the last year and a half, but so far no deal has been reached. Conditions attached to any loan are likely to include unpopular austerity measures, a tough proposition for the new government. Negotiations between Egypt and the IMF have been taking place in the 18 months since the overthrow of Mubarak, but no deal has been agreed because the IMF has demanded that any loan gets broad political support. Now that Mursi has formed a new government, and issued a decree wresting presidential powers and control of the budget from the military, correspondents say there are strong indications a deal will be done.
Egypt has asked the International Monetary Fund for a $4.8bn (£3bn) loan to help revive its struggling economy. The request was made during talks in Cairo between President Mohammed Mursi and IMF chief Christine Lagarde. Lagarde said the IMF would respond quickly, while Prime Minister Hisham Qandil said he hoped the deal could be finalized before the end of the year. It is needed to cover budget deficits resulting from shrinking tourism and foreign investment revenues.
The Egyptian government has drawn up an economic plan that included strategies to reduce the deficit, boost investment and ensure subsides went to those most in need. After meeting Ms Lagarde on 22 August, Prime Minister Qandil said he expected the IMF loan would be for five years, with a grace period of 39 months and an interest rate of 1.1%. "God willing there will be an agreement on a map for work extending to November or the beginning of December during which the loan will be signed with the IMF," he told reporters.
Ms Lagarde said the IMF had been "very impressed" by the government's strategy, but she stressed that they had not yet "gone into details" of either the amount or terms of the loan. "The authorities have indicated that Egypt would like the IMF to support Egypt's economic program financially to help the country recover and to lay the foundation for strong growth that benefits all," she said.
President is eager to make Egypt economically strong by bringing all levers of finances to rails and looks forward to outside help to make Egyptians lead a normal economic life, to start with. Hopefully IMF loans as well as financial help from other sources would make his administration fare well. Energy rich Arab world can ease the difficult situation in Egyptian economy. IMF should offer Cairo the loan interest free as a special case.