"Let there arise out of you a band of people inviting to all that is good enjoining what is right and forbidding what is wrong; they are the ones to attain felicity".
(surah Al-Imran,ayat-104)
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Full Name: S H Bangash
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Urdu/Eng Essay in Connection with Muharram for Women’s (Khawateen)/Children Edition



Special Edition/Editorial.

Title:- “Role of Women & Children in 61 hijri at Karabala”.

OR  ” Karbala is ideal for all age groups even women and children”.

Influence and ideaology of Karbala is spreading day by day without any discrimination  all over the globe.The main reason of this is that in Karbla movement the participations of all age groups is present like children,youth ,men  women and even aged.So for all age groups ideal personality is present and they can live a life for the betterment of humanity & karabala the aged group consists of companion of Holy Prophet(pbuh) named Habib ibne muzahir(ra) ,Zahor ibne Qain(ra) ,similarly children like Auon , Muhammad ,Qaim & Asghar,Youth Like hazrat Ali Akbar and Simlarly women like hazarat bibi Umme kalsom , Bibi Zainab(s.a) & hazrat bibi Feza.It is worth mentioning that hazrat bibi Feza was princess of Royal family of Habasha But she leave her princess ship and accepted the slavery of Ahlul-bait(a.s).After coming to the house of Ahlul-bait(a.s) by getting Knowledge and wisdom from the city & door of Knowledge hazarat Feza when she talked she talked from the Holy Quran even in daily life as well.But it is matter of shame for the dictatorship of ummayid’s regime that just after 50 years of the departure of Holy Prophet(pbuh) the Ummayid’s and their followers treated Household of Prophet/Ahlul-Bait(a.s) especially children and women in extreme cruility.When we see the terrorists doing terrorisim by attacking on children and women and doing succide blasts on public places in Iraq,Afghanistan and Pakistan in the name of islam Actually these terrorists have similar ideaology as khawareej & ummayid’s in history.

Role of Children in Karabala:-Hazrat Ali Asghar also known as Abdullah was the youngest child of Imam Husain(a.s). He was born only a few weeks before Imam left Madinah. His mother's name was Rubaab daughter of Imra'u'l Qais who was the chief of the tribe of Kinda.
Rubaab had two children, Sakina and Ali Asghar. She and her two children accompanied Imam to Karbala. The fact that Imam took with him a newly born baby further demonstrates that his intention was never to engage in any armed rebellion.
At Karbala Asghar was only six months old. From the seventh Muharram there was no water in Imam's camp. Asghar was in great pain because of thirst.
On Ashura day, after Ali Akber had been killed, Imam Husain was standing outside the camp. He was left all alone and he was preparing to go into the battlefield. Just then he heard a child cry. It was Ali Asghar, tormented by the pangs of hunger and thirst.
Imam walked into Bibi Rubaab's tent. He lifted the child from the cradle. "Rubaab," he said, "I will take him to Yazeed's army. Surely they can not possibly deny this little infant a few drops of water?" Rubaab changed Ali Asghar's clothes. She even tied a small turban on his head. Like any other mother she wanted her son to look at his best in front of strangers.
Imam Husain carried the child to the battle field. Walking up to Yazeed's soldiers Imam Husain said, "This child has done you no harm. He is dying of thirst. I am begging for a few drops of water for him."There was no response. Imam said, "If you are afraid that when you bring Asghar any water I will drink it, look, I will put him on the ground and you can come yourself and give him water." He put the child on the sands of Karbala and moved a couple of steps back. You can imagine how hot the desert sand was. Asghar lay there not even wincing. He turned towards the enemy and stared at them. A murmur arose among the soldiers but no one came forward to give water to the baby. Imam took Asghar in his arms and in a clear voice said, "Asghar, my son, show them how thirsty you are!" Asghar turned his head towards the soldiers. He smiled sweetly. Opened his mouth. Brought out his dry tongue and moved it over his lips. The ultimate sword had been unsheathed!
The soldiers were so moved by this that they could be heard sobbing. Still, they were very afraid of Yazeed and none dared come forward to give water to Ali Asghar.
Umar Sa'ad was worried. It seemed that Asghar was emerging victorious in this confrontation against the might of Yezid. He looked at Hurmala, a famous archer, and said, "Silence Husain!"
Then a terrible thing happened. Hurmala lifted his bow. Aimed an arrow at the child. The arrow flew across the hot desert. There was a hissing sound. Asghar smiled. He lifted his head and arched his neck!! No civilized mind can even imagine what happened next. The hissing sound stopped and Asghar lay still on his father's arms.
Imam Husain looked down at Asghar's neck, he saw the arrow, he saw the neck, he saw the smile and then he could see no more!!!
Our Imam began to feel faint. For a moment everything went dark. He could not see! There was a total silence over Karbala, broken only by the sound of the gentle waves of Furaat. Even the enemy appeared stunned.
Slowly Husain turned round and now looked at the baby in his arms.
The arrow had passed through the tender neck and lodged in Imam Husain's chest. There was no way Imam Husain could dislodge the arrow. His two arms were supporting the still child. He looked at the sky, and prayed "Ya Allah, give me courage in this most difficult moment of my life. No Prophet ever was subjected to a test as severe as this."
It is said that the Imam was so shaken up by what had happened to the infant child that all of a sudden his beard went all grey and he looked an old man. With his teeth he pulled his abaa over Asghar to shield the body from the scorching sun. Then he took a few deep breaths, and began to walk towards his camp.
As he got near he saw Rubaab standing at the entrance to her tent. He saw the anxiety, the hope, the fear and the restlessness in her eyes. Our Imam seemed to lose all strength. He could not walk forward towards Bibi Rubaab. He took seven steps back saying "INNA LILLA-HI WA INNA ILAY-HI RAJEEOON". He stopped and thought that he must take the child to his mother. He again took seven steps forwards saying "INNA LILLA-HI WA INNA ILAY-HI RAJEEOON". Once again his eyes met with those of Bibi Rubaab's. Again our Imam seemed to lose his courage and walked backwards repeating "INNA LILLA-HI WA INNA ILAY-HI RAJEEOON". Imam Husain did this seven times. Forward and backward. All the time Bibi Rubaab's eyes remained transfixed on the child. Each time Imam reciting "INNA LILLA-HI WA INNA ILAY-HI RAJEEOON"
Finally, somehow, he got the arrow dislodged. He now took the dead infant to Bibi Rubaab. He said, "Rubaab! This is a test from Allah which no mother has ever been asked to go through. Come with me" Bibi Rubaab followed. With their own hands they dug a small grave! The father and the mother together buried Ali Asghar!!

Role of Women in Karabla:-

The details of the final separation of the Holy Imam (pbuh) from the helpless ladies, children and other inmates of his camp, particularly from his sisters Zainab and Kulthoom, are very heart-rending and it is impossible for any one to describe the whole sorrowful scene in a paragraph of a brief work like this.

To Zainab and Kulthoom, his two sisters, Imam Hussain (pbuh) said: "Our camp will be plundered and set on fire. After I am slain, the series of calamities to you all would begin. Your heads will be stripped of your covering cloths-veils. Beware O my dear sisters; let not patience under any suffering be lost. The enemies will take you prisoners and parade you in the streets of Kufa and Shaam. This will be a very difficult time for you. Do not give up hope; you will have to be brave. Bear every calamity in the way of the Lord with patience and fortitude. Dear sisters, let not what I have done with so much of patience and fortitude would be undone by your impatience." Zainab (pbuh) with tears rolling down her cheeks promised her brother that she would not let him down. "Convey my salaams to my people, and tell them to remember our thirst whenever they drink water."

After that, Holy Imam (pbuh) told her sister Zainab to bring him an old garment. Because, the enemy is an unmanly one. After killing me, they will take my clothes as spoils. I want to wear an old garment under my clothes so my body will not be bare after I'm martyred.

Then, Imam Hussain (pbuh) turned to sister Zainab and said "I am leaving the widows and orphans in your care. My dear sister please look after my Sakina especially, she has never been separated from me even for a day. Please dear sister when you get water give it to her first, she hasn't asked for water since her uncle Abbas died."

At this Sakina came forward and said, "Oh father. When 'Muslim son of Aqeel' was martyred, you hugged his orphan girl and patted her head. If you go and I become an orphan who is going to pat my head?" Imam's eyes filled with tears. While fighting back his tears, he slowly whispered, "Sakina, my daughter, please do not cry, because after I go you will shed many tears. While I am here still alive, do not set my heart ablaze with your tears." He picked up Sakina, and kissed her cheeks, knowing that these same cheeks were going to be slapped by the cruel hands of Yazid's men.

The Holy Imam (pbuh) at last came into the field bidding goodbye to all (including advanced age nurse, Fizza), not to return again to his camp, but  to drink the cup of martyrdom to fulfill the covenant with the Lord to save and secure the Truth for all times until the Day of Judgment.


The last call of the Holy Imam in the way of the Lord:Lest later any one in the surroundings should say that he was neither called nor given any opportunity to serve the cause of defending the Truth by helping the Holy Imam who was fighting for it, Imam Hussain (pbuh) now standing all alone, with the enemy forces all around him, bleeding from innumerable wounds from head to toe, having lost one and all of his Godly comrades (sons, brothers, nephews and companions), gave his last call to humanity around him, inviting them to join him in the way of the Lord, saying: "Hal Min Nasirin Yansorona (Is there any helper to help us)?"

"Hal Min Zabbin Yazubbo An Harame Rasoolullah (Is there any defender to repulse the enemy from approaching the tents of the family of the Holy Prophet)?"

When there was no response from any one of the thousands standing around him, he then said aloud:

"Alam Tasma'o? Alaisa Fikum Muslimu (Do you hear me not? Is there not even a single Muslim among you)?" Yet there was no response.

When Imam Hussain (pbuh) gave his final call to the world around him inviting the people in the way of the Lord, Imam Hussain's son 'Ali Zainul Abideen' who was confined to bed with high fever, and who had just a little before received the charge of the Imamate from his father, got up and leaning on a staff, dragged himself out of his tent with his feeble sickly voice, walking towards the Holy Imam saying:

"Labbaik, Ya Abata, Labbaik (Yes, Here I am O Father dear! Here I am)!"

Imam Hussain (pbuh) seeing his ailing son Ali coming out tottering in the high fever bade him saying: "Get back O son! My progeny is to spring from you."

It is reported that in response to the call from the Holy Imam, some mysterious voices of 'Labbaik! Labbaik!' (Yes we are here O son of the Holy Prophet) were heard from the spiritual world above, to which the Holy Imam replied 'Thanks to you all, but my concern here today is only with the living in the physical world.'

Imam Hussain in the Battlefield to offer the greatest sacrifice:

Imam Hussain (a.s) went to the battlefield wearing the Prophet's robe and turban. Imam Hussain (a.s ) first preached to his enemies, the love of God, the obedience to the Holy Prophet (a.s ) and abstinence from vice and wickedness, and at last asked the people:

"Why do you kill me?", "Did I commit any sin or crime?", "Did I plunder anybody?", "Did I interfere with any one's affairs?"

All stood dumb and none answered. Then the Holy Imam (a.s) continued: "Then why do you kill me? What answer have you to give to God, and to the Holy Prophet(pbuh) on the Day of Judgment?"

When no answer from the enemy forces, the Holy Imam said:

"You have martyred all my companions, my children, my brothers and even my little baby; now I tell you to leave me, I will migrate to Yemen, to Iran or even to the far off Hind (Subcontinent ), stain not your hands with my blood, which is the blood of the Holy Prophet (a.s) himself, and you will not have salvation. It is for you; I tell you, shed not my blood and save yourselves."

This last offer of the Holy Imam (a.s) was superb and matchless and yet the enemies did not avail of it. It was in fact the fulfillment of the 'Hujjat' or the argument to give the last chance to the greedy devils to save themselves from the wrath of God.

'Umar son of Saad' shouted to his men "Do not be fooled by Imam Hussain's words, attack him now!" Arrows were showered on Imam Hussain (a.s). He charged into the battlefield like a lion, saying "If you are determined to fight me then I am ready; watch how the Grandson of the Prophet fights; see how the son of Ali and Fatima fights. Even after three days of hunger and thirst, I am not afraid to die. For me death is better than surrender."

When the enemy saw Imam Hussain (a.s) charging towards them, they thought for a moment that Imam Ali (a.s) had come down from the heavens to take revenge on them. Many of them ran away. When 'Umar son of Saad' saw the fear on their faces, he sent his bravest soldiers to fight Imam Hussain (a.s ). There was not a single member in Yazid's army who could stand in front of Imam Hussain (a.s). The enemy troops surrounded him from all sides, but he defeated them all. 'Umar son of Saad' stood back and watched, amazed at how Imam Hussain (a.s ) who had suffered so much, was fighting so bravely.

Imam Hussain (a.s) had chosen a point for his combat which was nearer the tents of the womenfolk. That was for two reasons. Firstly, he knew the unmanly and inhuman character of the enemies. They lacked even the sense of honor to spare the tents of their attacks as it was he whom they were fighting. Therefore he wanted to restrain them from attacking his camp so long as he was alive and had the strength to stop them. He would make a frontal attack and they would flee. But he would not pursue them but return to guard the tents of his womenfolk from any assault. Secondly, so long as he was alive he wanted the members of his family to know that he was alive. Accordingly, he had chosen a point from where his voice could be heard by them. Whenever he returned after making an attack he would stand at that point and cry out: There is no power or strength to save that which derives from God, the Exalted and the Almighty.

His cries would reassure the women who knew that the Imam (a.s) was still alive. The Imam (a.s) had told  them not to come out of the tents as long as He(a.s) was alive. He had told them that they must not make any untoward utterance which might reduce their reward with God. He had told them that they would find deliverance and that their ultimate end would be a good one, that God will punish their enemies. Imam Hussain(a.s) son of Imam Ali's sense of manly honor and  their own sense of feminine honor did not permit  them to come out. Accordingly, when they heard the  Imam(a.s) utter 'La Hawl Wala Quwatta Illa Billahil Aliyyil Azim', they felt reassured. And as the Imam(a.s)  had come  back to them once or twice after bidding them farewell, they still expected the Imam to return.

Lesson for all of  us:-

The active  role of all age groups especially women and children  in true path of karbala gives lesson that  karbala is even Ideal and valid today in 21st century changing world scenario  that all even women and children should raise their voic against oppression and even  practically struggele Because according to saying of Imam Hussain(a.s) that “To remain silent on oppression(evils/cruility/terrorisim) is equal to be a part of oppression”.(The end)

Written Compiled &  Contributed By:- S  H  BANGASH 
NIC #21303-2245421-7
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کربلا ميں حضرت امام حسين کے ورود سے لے کر

نويں محرم الحرام تک کے مختصر واقعات


کربلا میں ورود

2محرم الحرام 61 ھ بروزجمعرات کو امام حسین علیہ السلام وارد کربلا ہو گئے۔ واعظ کاشفی اور علامہ اربلی کا بیان ہے کہ جیسے ہی امام حسین (ع) نے زمین کربلا پر قدم رکھا زمین کر بلا زرد ہو گئی اور ایک ایسا غبار اٹھا جس سے آپ کے چہرئہ مبارک پر پریشانی کے آثار نمایاں ہوگئے۔یہ دیکھ کر اصحاب ڈرگئے اور جنابِ اُم کلثوم رونے لگیں۔

صاحب مخزن البکا لکھتے ہیں کہ کربلا پر درود کے فوراََ بعد جنابِ ام کلثوم نے امام حسین (ع) سے عرض کی،بھائی جان یہ کیسی زمین ہے کہ اس جگہ ہمارادل دھل رہا ہے۔ امام حسین (ع) نے فرمایا بس یہ وہی مقام ہے جہاں بابا جان نے صفیں کے سفر میں خواب دیکھا تھا۔یعنی یہ وہ جگہ ہے جہاں ہمارا خون بہے گا۔کتاب مائتین میں ہے کہ اسی دن ایک صحابی نے ایک بیری کے درخت سے مسواک کے لیے شاخ کاٹی تواس سے خون تازہ جاری ہو گیا۔

امام حسین (ع) کا خط اہل کوفہ کے نام

کربلا پہنچنے کے بعد آپ نے سب سے پہلے اتمام حجت کیلئے اہل کوفہ کے نام قیس ابن مسھر کے ذریعہ سے ایک خط ارسال فرمایا۔جس میں آپ نے تحریر فرمایا کہ تمھاری دعوت پر میں کربلا تک آگیا ہوں الخ۔قیس خط لیے جارہے تھے کہ راستے میں گرفتار کر لیے گئے۔اور انھیں ابن زیاد کے سامنے کوفہ لے جاکر پیش کر دیا گیا۔ابن زیاد نے خط مانگا۔قیس نے بروایتے چاک کرکے پھینک دیا اوربروایتے اس خط کو کھا لیاابن زیاد نے انھیں بضرب تازیانہ شہید کر دیا۔

عبیداللہ ابن زیاد کا خط امام حسین (ع) کے نام

علامہ ابن طلحہ شافعی لکھتے ہیں کہ امام حسین (ع) کے کربلا پہنچنے کے بعد حرنے ابن زیاد کو آپ کی رسیدگی کربلا کی خبردی۔ا س نے امام حسین (ع) کو فوراََ ایک خط ارسال کیا۔جس میں لکھا کہ مجھے یزید نے حکم دیا ہے کہ میں آپ سے اس کے لیے بیعت لے لوں ،یا آپ کو قتل کر دوں۔امام حسین (ع) نے اس خط کا جواب نہ دیا۔اَلقَاہُ مِن یَدِہاور اسے زمین پر پھینک دیا۔  اس کے بعد آپ نے محمد بن حنفیہ کو اپنے کربلاپہنچنے کی ایک خط کے ذریعہ سے اطلاع دی اور تحریر فرمایا کہ میں نے زندگی سے ہاتھ دھولیا ہے اور عنقریب عروس موت سے ہم کنار ہو جاؤں گا۔

دوسری محرم سے نویں محرم تک کے مختصر واقعات

دوسری محرم ۶۱ ء ہجری

دوسری محرم الحرام ۶۱ ھجری کو آپ کا کربلا میں ورود ہوا۔آپ نے اہل کوفہ کے نام خط لکھا۔آپ کے نام ابن زیاد کاخط آیا،اسی تاریخ کو آپ کے حکم سے برلبِ فرات خیمے نصب کئے گئے۔  حرنے مزاحمت کی اور کہا کہ فرات سے دور خیمے نصب کیجئے۔  عباس ابن علی کو غصہ آگیا  امام حسین (ع) نے غصہ کوفروکیا۔اور بقول علامہ اسفر ائنی ۳یا۵میل کے فاصلہ پر خیمے نصب کئے گئے  نصبِ خیام کے بعد ابھی آپ اس میں داخل نہ ہوئے تھے۔کہ چند اشعار آپ کی زبان پر جاری ہوئے۔جنابِ زینب نے جونہی اشعار کو سنا اس درجہ روئیں کہ بے ہوش ہوگئیں۔امام نے رخسار پر پانی چھڑک کر باہوش کیا  پھر آلِ محمد داخل خیمہ ہوئے۔اس کے بعد ساٹھ ہزار درہم پر ۱۶مربع میل زمین خرید کر چند شرائط کے ساتھ انھیں کو ہبہ کر دی۔

تیسری محرم الحرام یوم جمعہ

تیسری محرم الحرام یوم جمعہ کو عمر ابن سعد۵،۶اور بقول علامہ اربلی ۲۲ ہزار سوار و پیادے لے کر کربلا پہنچا اور اس نے امام حسین (ع) سے تبادلہ خیالات کی خواہش کی۔حضرت نے ارادہ کوفہ کا سبب بیان فرمایا۔اس نے ابن زیاد کوگفتگو کی تفصیل لکھ دی اور یہ بھی لکھا کہ امام حسین (ع) فرماتے ہیں کہ اگر اب اہل کوفہ مجھے نہیں چاہتے تو میں واپس جانے کوتیارہوں ۔ابن زیاد نے عمر بن سعد کے جواب میں لکھا کہ اب جب کہ ہم نے حسین (ع) کو چنگل میں لے لیا ہے تو وہ چھٹکارا چاہتے ہیں۔لات حین مناص۔یہ ہرگز نہیں ہوگا۔ان سے کہہ دو کہ یہ اپنے تمام اعزاواقرباسمیت بیعت بزید کریں یاقتل ہونے کے لیے آمادہ ہوجائیں۔میں بیعت سے پہلے ان کی کسی بات پر غور کرنے کے لیے تیار نہیں ہوں  اسی تیسری تاریخ کی شام کو حبیب ابن مظاہر قبیلہ ابنی اسد میں گئے ا ور ان میں سے جانبازامداد حسینی کے لیے تیار کئے وہ انھیں لارہے تھے کہ کسی نے ابن زیاد کو اطلاع کر دی۔اس نے ۴۰۰ سوکالشکر بھیج کر اس کمک کو روکوا دیا۔

چوتھی محرم الحرام یوم شنبہ۔ہفتہ

چوتھی محرم الحرام یوم شنبہ کوابن زیاد نے مسجد جامع میں ایک خطبہ دیا جس میں اس نے امام حسین (ع) کے خلاف لوگوں کو بھڑکایااور کہا کہ حکم یزید سے تمھارے لیے خزانوں کے منہ کھول دیئے گئے ہیں تم اس کے دشمن حسین (ع) سے لڑنے کے لیے آمادہ ہوجاؤ۔اس کے کہنے سے بے شمار لوگ آمادئہ کر بلا ہو گئے اور سب سے پہلے شمر نے روانگی کی درخواست کی ۔چنانچہ شمر کو چارہزار،ابن رکاب کو دوہزار،ابن نمیر کو چار ہزار ،ابن رھینہ کوتین ہزار،ابن خرشہ کو دو ہزار سواردے کر روانہ کر بلا کردیا گیا۔


پانچویں محرم الحرم یوم یک شنبہ۔ اتوار

پانچویں محرم الحرام یوم یک شنبہ اتوار کو شیث ابن ربعی کو چار ہزار،عروہ ابن قیس کو چار ہزار سنان ابن انس کو دس ہزار،محمد ابن اشعث کو ایک ہزار ۔عبداللہ ابن حصین کو ایک ہزار کا لشکر دے کر روانہ کر دیا گیا۔

چھٹی محرم الحرام بروز پیر

چھٹی محرم الحرام بروز پیر کو خولی ابن یزید اصبحی کو دس ہزار کعب ابن الحروکوتین ہزار،حجاج ابن حرکوایک ہزار کا لشکر دے کر روانہ کر دیا گیا۔ان کے علاوہ چھوٹے بڑے اور کئی لشکر ارسال کر نے کے بعد ابن زیاد نے عمر ابن سعد کو لکھا کہ اب تک تجھے اسی ہزار کا کوفی لشکر بھیج چکا ہوں،ان میں حجازی اور شامی شامل نہیں ہیں۔تجھے چاہئے کہ بلاحیلہ حوالہ حسین کو قتل کر دے۔ اسی تاریخ کو خوبی ابن یزید نے ابن زیاد کے نام ایک خط ارسال کیا جس میں عمر ابن سعد کے لیے لکھا کہ یہ امام حسین(ع) سے رات کو چھپ کر ملتا ہے۔اور ان سے بات چیت کیاکرتا ہے۔ابن زیاد نے اس خط کو پاتے ہی عمر سعدکے نام ایک خط لکھا کہ مجھے تیری تمام حرکتوں کی اطلاع ہے تو چھپ کر باتیں کرتا ہے۔دیکھ میرا خط پاتے ہی امام حسین (ع) پر پانی بند کر دے اور انھیں جلد سے جلد موت کے گھاٹ اتار نے کی کوشش کر۔

ساتویں محرم الحرام بروز منگل

ساتویں محرم الحرام بروزمنگل عمر ابن حجاج کو پانچ سوسواروں سمیت نہرفرات پر اس لیے مقرر کر دیا گیا کہ امام حسین (ع) کے خیمہ تک پانی نہ پہنچنے پائے  پھر مزید احتیاط کے لیے چار ہزار کا لشکر دے کر حجر کو ایک ہزار کا لشکر دے کر شیث ابن ربعی کو روانہ کیا گیا۔ اور پانی کی بندش کر دی گئی۔پانی بند ہو جانے کے بعد عبداللہ ابن حصین نے نہایت کر یہہ لفظوں میں طعنہ زنی کی  جس سے امام حسین (ع) کو سخت صدمہ پہنچا  پھر ابن حوشب نے طعنہ زنی کی جس کا جواب حضرت عباس نے دیا۔  آپ نے غالباََ طعنہ زنی کے جواب میں خیمہ سے ۱۹قدم کے فاصلہ پر جانب قبلہ ایک ضرب تیشہ سے چشمہ جاری کر دیا۔  اور یہ بتادیا کہ ہمارے لیے پانی کی کمی نہیں ہے۔لیکن ہم اس مقام پرمعجزہ دکھانے نہیں آئے بلکہ امتحان دینے آئے ہیں۔

آٹھویں محرم الحرام بروز بدھ

آٹھویں محرم الحرام بروزبدھ کی شب کو خیمہ آلِ محمد سے پانی بالکل غائب ہو گیا۔اس پیاس کی شدت نے بچوں کو بے چین کر دیا ہے۔امام حسین (ع) نے حالات کو دیکھ کر حضرت عباس کو پانی لانے کا حکم دیا آپ چند سواروں کو لے کر تشریف لے گئے اور بڑی مشکلوں سے پانی لائے۔وَلِذَالِکَ سُمِیَ العَبَّاسُ السقَاء اسی سقائی کی وجہ سے عباس(ع) کو سقاء کہا جاتا ہے۔  رات گزرنے کے بعد جب صبح ہوئی تو یزید ابن حصین صحرائی نے باجازت امام حسین (ع)،ابن سعد کو فہمائش کی لیکن کوئی نتیجہ برآمد نہ ہوا۔اس نے کہا یہ کیسے ہو سکتا ہے کہ میں حسین (ع) کو پانی دے کر حکومت رے چھوڑدوں۔  امام شبلنجی لکھتے ہیں کہ ابن حصین اور ابن سعد کی گفتگو کے بعد امام حسین(ع) نے اپنے خیموں کے گرو خندق کھودنے کاحکم دیا۔ اس کے بعد حضرت عباس(ع) کو حکم دیا کہ کنواں کھود کر پانی برآمد کرو۔آپ نے کنواں تو کھودا۔لیکن پانی نہ نکلا۔ ۷۷

نویں محرم الحرام بروز جمعرات

نویں محرم الحرام بروز جمعرات کی شب کو امام حسین اور عمر بن سعد میں آخری گفتگو ہوئی۔آپ کے ہمراہ حضرت عباس اور علی اکبر بھی تھے۔آپ نے گفتگو میں ہر قسم کی حجت تمام کر لی۔

نویں کی صبح کو آپ نے حضرت عباس کو پھر کنواں کھودنے کا حکم دیا لیکن پانی بر آمد نہ ہوا۔

 تھوڑی دیر کے بعد امام حسین نے بچوں کی حالت کے پیشِ نظر پھر عباس سے کنواں کھودنے کی فرمائش کی آپ نے سعی بلیغ شروع کردی جب بچوں نے کنواں کھدتا ہوا دیکھا تو سب کوزے لے کر آپہنچے۔ابھی پانی نکلنے نہ پایا تھا کہ دشمنوں نے آکر اسے بند کر دیا۔فھربت الاطفال الخیام دشمنوں کو دیکھ کر بچے خیموں میں جا چھپے۔پھر تھوڑی دیر کے بعد حضرت عباس (ع) نے کنواں کھودا وہ بھی بند کر دیا گیا حتی حفراربعا۔یہاں تک کہ چار کنویں کھودے اور پانی حاصل نہ کر سکے۔ اس کے بعد امام حسین (ع) ایک ناقہ پر سوار ہوکر دشمن کے قریب گئے اور اپنا تعارف کرایا لیکن کچھ نہ بنا

 مورخین لکھتے ہیں کہ نویں تاریخ کو شمر کو فہ واپس گیااور اس نے عمر ابن سعد کی شکایت کرکے ابن زیاد سے ایک سخت حکم حاصل کیا جس کا مقصد یہ تھا کہ اگرحسین (ع) بیعت نہیں کرتے تو انھیں قتل کرکے ان کی لاش پرگھوڑے دوڑادے اور اگر تجھ سے یہ نہ ہو سکے تو شمر کو چار ج دے دے ہم نے اسے حکم تعمیل حکم یزید دے دیا ہے۔

  ابن زیاد کا حکم پاتے ہی ابن سعد تعمیل پر تیار ہو گیا۔اسی نویں تاریخ کو شمر نے حضرت عباس(ع) اور ان کے بھائیوں کو امان کی پیش کش کی انھوں نے بڑی دلیری سے اسے ٹھکرادیا ( تفصیل کے لیے ملاخطہ ہوذکر العباس از۱۷۶تا۱۸۲)

اسی نویں کی شام آنے سے پہلے شمر کی تحریک سے ابن سعد نے حملہ کاحکم دے دیا۔امام حسین (ع) خیمہ میں تشریف فرما تھے۔آپ کو حضرت زینب(ع) پھر حضرت عباس (ع) نے دشمن کے آنے کی اطلاع دی۔حضرت نے فرمایا کہ مجھ پر ابھی غنودگی طاری ہو گئی تھی۔میں نے آنحضرت کو خواب میں دیکھا۔انھوں نے فرمایا کہ انک تروح غدا حسین (ع) تم کل میرے پا س پہنچ جاؤ گے

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